FSM started a Sustainable Forest Management Plan (SFMP) in 2002. The focus was to align our business view to our commitmment with socially and environmentally sustainable practices.
Our activities are based on three principles:
• to fulfill all the legal requirements concering our operations and the aspect of land ownership, as well as to respect all environmental laws now in force in Brazil;
• to remain aware of our responsability towards the region´s social development;
• to be a financially feasible enterprise.
In practical terms, these principles translate into a thorough observation of all legal requirements, including:
• Deed of Property;
• Origin Legitimacy Certificate issued by the Land Institute of the State of Mato Grosso;
• Rural Property Registration Certificate and georeferencing study issued by the National Institute of Colonization and Land Reform (INCRA);
• Certification by the National Foundation of Native Brazilians and notarized documentation proving its status as a legal reserve and its committment of allocating 100% of the land to a Sustainable Forest Management Plan;
• All the environmental licences required by Ibama/SEMA – MT.
From an operational perspective, the harvesting activity is performed every 25 years in selected areas depending on the 25 APUs (Annual Production Units) into which the total area of 70,000.0000 hectares is divided.
The selective logging strictly follows the Resource Exploration Map, which is based on a mandatory forest mapping study that includes a census of 100% of the trees found in the reserve area but which excludes, from the Managaged Areas, all the Permanently Preserved Areas located at water sources along the waterways or in locations with declivities exceeding 45º.
The mapping is crucial for designing the forest´s logistics plan because it is used to help locate the best track for the trucks to run, thus preventing them from running over small creeks. It is also used to calculate the size and number of equipment and staff required. However, its best use is to help determine the directions towards which the trees must fall in order to prevent damage to the standing trees.
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